Gorbesh Language (book)

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THE GORBESH LANGUAGE
by Casimont Nalbiro


ABBREVIATIONS

Abbreviation Meaning
adj adjective
adv adverb
aux auxiliary verb
c conjunction
dem demonstrative pronoun
ind indefinite pronoun
int interrogative pronoun
n noun
pn personal pronoun
rel relative pronoun
v verb

A

a, an [adj]         sa
about [prep]        omaz
above [prep]        shutoz
across [prep]       eudiz
actual [adj]        shira
aft [prep]          swoz
after [prep]        misaz
afternoon [n]       misasnuni
again [adv]         otek
against [prep]      otekiz
age [n]             namin
agent [n]           siyin
agony [n]           eimos
agreement [n]       dato
ahead [prep]        tuz
air [n]             mis
albatross [n]       osuti
ale [n]             zuoe
alive [adj]         ruza
all [adj]           ga
all right [adv]     ideta
alliance [n]        gola
almost [adv]        srash
alone [adj]         ukula
along [prep]        nimiz
also [adv]          saul
altar [n]           uraz
although [c]        kretes
always [adv]        ruek
ambush [v]          uyek
among [prep]        hahiz
ancestor [n]        cayo
anchor [n]          aksen
and [c]             bat
anger [n]           buzik
angry [adj]         buzika
animal [n]          grast
another [adj]       hadsha
answer [v]          hade
anvil [n]           fuva
any [adj]           ash
anyone [pn]         azevo
anything [n]        anosh
anywhere [adv]      awarek
appearance [n]      sapek
apple [n]           gakas
apprentice [n]      volohin 
approach [v]        duboe
apron [n]           noiz
archer [n]          rutaps
arm [n]             maege
armor [n]           euhos
army [n]            masigan      
around [prep]       lariz        
arrest [v]          fide         
arrive [v]          huene        
arrow [n]           uto          
art [n]             unor         
artist [n]          unorin       
as [c]              en           
ascend [v]          movoe        
ash [n]             fuas
ask [v]             taseke 
assassin [n]        dulanin
at [prep]           koz
attack [v]          mucik
attempt [v]         futave
auger [n]           isav
aunt [n]            inik
autumn [n ]         rians
away [adv]          wehi
awful [adj]         rineken
axe [n]             raz

B

baby [n]            tayiz
back [n]            agowa
back (direc.) [adv] soye
bad [adj]           nesa
badly [adv]         nesan
bake [v]            lopse
balance [v]         sidave
bank [n]            ozoras
Barbarian [n]       Dunaja
barber [n]          amulosin
Bard [n]            Tamul
bare [adj]          ticaja
bark of a tree [n]  hat
baron [n]           zos
baroness [n]        zosi
basket [n]          datik
bathe [v]           trohe
battle [n]          sian
battle axe [n]      sianraz
bay [n]             ibina
be [v]              ose
beach [n]           haurga
bean [n]            onhi
bear [n]            chags
beard [n]           amulos
beat [v]            ozaze
beautiful [adj]     ilasa
beauty [n]          ilas
because [c]         shoi
because of [prep]   shoiz
become [v]          nibe
bed [n]             kutoya
beef [n]            nalio
beer [n]            lovina
before [prep]       ewoz
beggar [n]          kochips
begin [v]           yose
beginning [n]       yosiben
behind [prep]       swoz
belly [n]           adaj
belong [v]          knare
belt [n]            kisti
bend [v]            niose
beneath [prep]      konuz
besides [prep]      siz
between [prep]      koyez
beyond [prep]       fujaz
big [adj]           bara
bind [v]            kune
birch [n]           srav
bird [n]            miege
birth [n]           lans
bite [v]            runase
black [adj]         tolura
blade [n]           okodaz
blame [n]           mazas
blame [v]           mazaze
blanket [n]         rihia
bless [v]           lone
blind [adj]         kora
blood [n]           enedra
blue [adj]          ilina
blunt [adj]         haska
boar, hog [n]       haubog
board [v]           sire
boat [n]            oruja
body [n]            trupos
boil [v]            solohe
bond [n]            hiruek
bone [n]            lakahi
book [n]            lil
boot [n]            skorni
borrow [v]          chise
both [adj]          knika
bottom [n]          ayomas
boundary [n]        uhalaya
bow (archery) [n]   usus
bowl [n]            sialu
bowman [n]          ekavin
boy [n]             sege
bracelet [n]        tolays
brain [n]           ukaven
branch [n]          mayek
brave [adj]         tohaka
bread [n]           shumel
break [v]           bule
breastplate [n]     ranik
breath [n]          siak
breathe [v]         kowe
bride [n]           shebari
bridge [n]          ayarks
bright [adj]        tlota
bring [v]           we
bronze [n]          pon
brother [n]         bar
brotherhood [n]     barira
brown [adj]         sava
brush [n]           yabuja
build [v]           yuhe
burn [v]            tukik
bury dead [v]       chabike
bush [n]            upowen
but [c]             nub
butcher [v]         dasas
butter [n]          homek
butterfly [n]       milav
button [n]          kocho
buy [v]             aime
by [prep]           li


C

cake [n]            aimos
can [aux]           chobin
candle, light [n]   eyoshek
captive [n]         yisks
caravan [n]         vardo
care [v]            ibole
carpenter [n]       tuks
carry [v]           eise
cart [n]            shubek
carve [v]           igurje
castle [n]          igatul
cast metals [v]     dutaze
cat [n]             maska
cattle [n]          sweja
cave [n]            kashik
center [n]          uchek
chain [n]           das
chair [n]           ikuja
champion [n]        ozamaja
change [v]          iyave
channel [n]         hawa
cheap [adj]         syata
cheek [n]           itek 
cheese [n]          adonin
chest, breast [n]   berk
chicken [n]         ochufa
child [n]           sedra
chimney [n]         ditiz
chin [n]            hek
chisel [n]          emaja
circle [n]          uswe
citizen [n]         doav
city [n]            doavira
clan [n]            tokuja
classroom [n]       drahengro
claw [n]            dudops
clay [n]            kuv
clean [v]           sruge
clear [adj]         masruga
clearing [n]        chuden
Cleric [n]          Lonin
cliff [n]           nuras
cloak [n]           sochi
clock [n]           gisks
cloth [n]           urs
clothe, dress [v]   dufaje
clothing [n]        ursayos
cloud [n]           marima
club [n]            onin
coat [n]            lusks
coat of arms [n]    yuton
coin [n]            yamek
cold [adj]          eoba
collar [n]          nobi
collect, gather [v] goche
color [n]           shaiz
comb, curry [v]     suhe
come [v]            srise
command [v]         firie
common [adj]        kirka
Commoner [n]        Salpen
companion [n]       sutuja
compel [v]          linaze
conceal [v]         ivide
concerning [prep]   omaz
continual [adj]     ochaja
cook [v]            kinoe
cook, chef [n]      kinohin
cool [adj]          eoda
copper [n]          chuniek
cord [n]            srips
corner [n]          eyuja
corpse [n]          mulo
correct [adj]       ocha
cough [v]           kokove
count [v]           ase
country [n]         ikuchis
court [n]           ewuso
court (of law) [n]  eyivek
cousin [n]          tiba
cover [v]           goshike
craft, trade [n]    ayo
craftsman [n]       ayochi
crawl [v]           mizne
creature [n]        runon
creek [n]           iten
creep [v]           iyomize
crescent [n]        pum
crooked [adj]       ayosa
cross [v]           srige
crossbow [n]        srigos
crow [n]            ilak
crowd [n]           masoya
cry [v]             wasowe
cup [n]             modo
curse [v]           fupase
custom, law [n]     sroas
cut [v]             kulaje

D

dagger [n]          natul
damage [v]          dure
danger [n]          tluyon
dare [v]            odawe
dark [adj]          opirka
darkness [n]        opirkso
daughter [n]        loti
dawn [n]            moni
day [n]             ikomik
dead [adj]          fisa
deaf [adj]          vuma
deal [n]            ochin
death [n]           fisha
debt [n]            itagi
deceit [n]          tomiek
deceive [v]         tomeke
deep [adj]          junda
deer [n]            lihai
defeat [n]          tasin
defeat [v]          tasine
defend [v]          mohaze
delay [v]           uchose
den [n]             hauzul
depart [v]          ohose
descendant [n]      rahek
desert [n]          euten
destroy [v]         dushe
devil [n]           beng
dew [n]             lachek
die [v]             fise
different [adj]     srota
difficult [adj]     echena
dig [v]             oke
direction [n]       ochi
dirt [n]            tluj
dirty [adj]         tluja
discuss [v]         divane
dish [n ]           homas
distance [n]        ida
do [v]              siye
dog [n]             amange
donkey [n]          lopen
doom [n]            tlai
door [n]            awana
double [adj]        alisa
dough [n]           moras
dove [n]            dois
down [prep]         knaz
drag [v]            kutose
dragon [n]          ameshi
draw, sketch [v]    sunoye
dream [n]           kaujesha
dream [v]           kauje
dress [n]           susik
dress [v]           dufaje
drink [n]           lus
drink [v]           itare
drop [v]            lichine
drunk [adj]         abruza
dry [adj]           chuwa
duck [n]            shrif
during [prep]       sagiz
dust [n]            giyas
duty [n]            has
Dwarf [n]           Zodi
dwell [v]           porase
dwelling [n]        porasha
dye [v]             pazaye

E

each [adj]          kima 
eagle [n]           dester 
ear [n]             umutas 
early [adj]         shoha 
earn [v]            kodose 
east [n]            chos 
easy [adj]          voruya 
eat [v]             adene 
echo [n]            sraks 
edge [n]            hovuja 
egg [n]             oliva 
Elf [n]             Iliti 
Elothean [n]        Eloti 
else [adv]          adets 
Empath [n]          Awenid 
emperor [n]         wenavai 
empire [n]          wena 
empress [n]         wenavi 
empty [adj]         muwa 
end [v]             kiyuhe
endless [adj]       maskiya
enemy [n]           bimaja
enough [adj]        dosta
enter [v]           shueke
envy, jealousy [n]  jostamu
equal [adj]         kusa
evening [n]         ikek
ever [adv]          us
every [adj]         usaya
evil [adj]          havoga
except [prep]       goskiz
expensive [adj]     shoda
explain [v]         getke
eye [n]             pos
eyebrow [n]         posava

F

face [n]            atulaja
fair (fine) [adj]   grola
faith [n]           buek
faithful, loyal [v] buisa
fall [v]            boshihe
fall season [n ]    evoen
familiar [adj]      idufa
family [n]          klachan
famous [adj]        hayeka
far (dist.)          ukupa
farm [n]            dat
farmer [n]          kashoin
fashionable [adj] 
fast [adj]          kona
fat [adj]           paya
fate [n]            moas
father [n]          lusek
fault, guilt [n]    aradis
fear [n]            srud
feather [n]         talas
feel [v]            nake
female [adj]        shuma
fence [n]           knoge
festival [n]        enos
few [adj]           ahsa
field [n]           tudos
fierce [adj]        sarka
fight [v]           igane
fill [v]            kumate 
final [adj]         uriba 
finally [adv]       uriban
find [v]            uhase
fine (great) [adj]  ona
finger [n]          tuik
finish [v]          ulome
fire [n]            pin 
fireplace, hearth [n] chuyek 
first [adj]         seta 
fish [n]            macho
fish [v]            videk
flame [n]           pinav
flat [adj]          hota
flee, retreat [v]   chigoe 
flesh [n]           siluja
float [v]           ibeke
floor [n]           sobas
flow [v]            pobave   
flower [n]          toros 
fly [v]             izuje 
fog [n]             sufek
fold [v]            sineke
follow [v]          rube 
fondness [n]        okapas 
food [n]            ichiga 
fool [n]            trekoth 
foot [n]            pir 
foothills [n]       ficaja
for [prep]          baz
forage [v]          iful 
foreign [adj]       lalera 
foreigner [n]       lalerin 
forest [n]          ves 
forever [n]         ichik 
forge [n]           nura
forge [v]           nure 
forget [v]          atande 
forgive [v]         chone 
fork [n]            noja
form, shape [n]     donuya 
fortress, fort [n]  ishozu 
fountain [n]        kauja
fox [n]             klud 
fragrant [adj]      fashika 
free (liberty)[adj]  anhiza
free (no cost)[adj]  hagina
freedom [n]         anji 
freely [adv]        haginan 
friend [n]          rimek 
from [prep]         ranz
front [n]           umin 
frost [n]           luyo 
fruit [n]           uzaye 
fry [v]             isoye 
full [adj]          buva
fur [n]             nuri 
future [n]          toren

G

gain, earn [v]      chodose
game [n]            iyuva
garden [n]          kamaja 
gate [n]            vunin
gem [n]             otun
get [v]             faze 
giant [adj]         baya 
gift [n]            dokaya
girl [n]            tehara
give [v]            ivame
give back [v]        losase 
glad [adj]          ruosa
glance [v]          hatue
glass [n]           mokis
gleam [v]           kitale
gloom [n]           olohen 
glory [n]           mana
glove [n]           tuja 
Gnome [n]           Rachlin 
go [v]              ocheke 
goat [n]            nulis 
god [n]             domis
gold [n]            syat 
good [adj]          aksa
goods [n]           vasichi
Gorbesh [n]         Oritai
Gor'tog [n]         Gortoki 
grandmother [n]     kirvi
grass [n]           subul
grave [n]           likek
great [adj]         tlika
greedy [adj]        okseha
green [adj]         retina 
greet [v]           saste
grey [adj]          abowa
grieve [v]          idatse
groan [v]           ramik
ground, soil [n]    isidi
grow [v]            loy
guard [n]           shomis
guess [v]           sivoc
guest [n]           muhi
guild [n]           silen 
gulf [n]            hiksu

H

hail [n]            kema 
hair [n]            basas 
halberd [n]         slig 
Halfling [n]        Ubati
hammer [n]          agitek 
hand [n]            hasta 
happen [v]          zite 
happiness [n]       ruos 
happy [adj]         ruosa 
harbor [n]          ulirs
hard (task) [adj]   labaja 
harm, injure [v]    durane 
harvest [v]         dirize 
hat [n]             arek 
hate [v]            atoe 
hauberk [n]         uchimi 
have [v]            niye 
haze [n]            ligan 
he [pn]             von (nom) 
head [n]            sero
headland [n]        bov
heal [v]            ilawe        
healer [n]          ilawin      
health [n]          chosks       
healthy [adj]       choska      
hear [v]            sune        
hearing [n]         suneja      
heart [n]           rouja        
heaven [n]          minoa        
heavy [adj]         sliga        
height [n]          dafuja       
heir [n]            apapoe       
helmet, helm [n]    vathe        
help [v]            isule        
her [pn]            velo (obj)   
her, hers [pn]      vela (gen)  
herb [n]            lobura      
here [adv]          chumi        
herself [pn]        tavelo       
hide [v ]           ivide        
hide (skin) [n]     klake 
high [adj]          hauma 
highlands [n]       mortsi 
hill [n]            shalsun 
him [pn]            vono (obj)
himself [pn]        tavono 
his [pn]            vona (gen) 
hit [v]             palse 
hold [v]            kohele 
hole [n]            lohek 
hollow [adj]        ipsa 
holy man [n]        sturin 
holy, sacred [adj]  stura 
home [n]            bovi 
honey [n]           olge 
honor [n]           azukul 
hope [v]            roek 
hopeless [adj]      azroeka 
horn (anat) [n]     nahik 
horse [n]           moduja 
hospital [n]        osaja 
host [n]            hudik
hot [adj]           onina 
hour [n]            sirin 
house [n ]          kena 
how [int]           vinush 
how [rel]           vin 
however [c]         oviya
hug [n]             petal
hug [v]             petale 
huge [adj]          gra 
Human [n]           Tato 
humility [n]        tavayon 
hunger [n]          pog
hungry [adj]        poga 
hunt [n]            bodu
hunt [v]            boduje 
hurt [v]            nuwe
husband [n]         srakaps
hut [n]             chipiks

I

I [pn]              ket (nom)
ice [n]             irach
idea [n]            lihek
idol [n]            tilias
if [c]              kos
image [n]           duik 
imagine [v]         duike 
immediately [adv]   tlavan
imperial (adj)      wenaya
important [adj]     kleta
impossible [adj]    malva
in [prep]           naz 
in front of [prep]  lanoz
inch [n]            usork 
infant [n]          tayis
ink [n]             figoz 
inlet [n]           duraen 
inn [n]             kirchima 
inner [adj]         utosa 
inside [prep]       naz
instead [adv]       lurops
insult [n]          usorge
intelligence [n]    talwa
interest [v]        tigine
into [prep]         nahiz
introduce [v]       hayoke
invitation [n]      lenesha 
invite [v]          lene
iron [n]            tlavek
island [n]          ufuli
it [pn]             an/ano (nom/obj)
its [pn]            ana (gen) 

J

jaw [n]             duwa
jerk [v]            knude
jetty [n]           takek
jewel [n]           taben
jewelry [n]         tabenira
join [v]            ange
joke [n]            nehe
journey [n]         hani 
joy [n]             ruos 
joyful [adj]        ruosa 
judge [v]           filke 
jump [v]            guike 
junk [n]            krisis 
just [adv]          nolsa
justice [n]         fils 

K

Kaldar [n]          Satiyon 
keep [v]            ubave
kettle [n]          ashan 
key [n]             sosa 
kill [v]            ruaze 
kind (nice) [adj]   hueha 
kindle [v]          knone 
king [n]            uchinav 
kiss [n]            koresha 
kiss [v]            kore 
knead [v]           rilose 
knee [n]            kralis
kneel [v]           ivuje
knife [n]           hikas 
knight [n]          uchos 
knot [n]            izion
know [v]            loze
knowledge [n]       lozesha

L

lady [n]            ozas
lake [n]            puri
lame [adj]          shova 
lamp [n]            ihaja
language [n]        vodul
large [adj]         abula
last [adj]          gireka
late [adj]          dila
laugh [v]           knaze
law, statute [n]    liri
lawsuit [n]         lirisha
lay [vt]            tukine
lazy [adj]          glosha 
lead [v]            guhe 
leader [n]          guhehin
leadership [n]      guhesha 
leaf [n]            simi 
leap [v]            akose 
learn [v]           voloe 
lease, rent [v]     achine 
leather [n]         viga 
leave [v]           krushe 
leech [n]           imurek 
left (dir.) [n]     maya
leg [n]             imen 
lend [v]            sidhe 
length [n]          haoken 
leopard [n]         kitaye 
less [adj]          srogai 
lesson [n]          toraja 
let [v]             nase 
library [n]         mavas 
lick [v]            modose 
lie, falsehood [n]  idokesha 
lie, recline [v]    rotawe 
lie, tell a lie [v] idoke
life [n]            liduas
light (weight)[adj] knapsa
lightning [n]       knaps
like, similar [adj] elipsa
line [n]            ewazul 
linen, flax [n]     eyon
lip [n]             nisas
listen [v]          vayule
little [adj]        uba
live [v]            tlaye
liver [n]           nariyon 
livestock, herd [n] yolks
lizard [n]          kinik
local [adj]         lula
lock [n]            shums
lock [v]            moche
long [adj]          ulasa
look [v]            sire
loose [adj]         giyika
lord [n]            nizaye
lore [n]            hauyon 
lose [v]            udaye 
loss [n]            Udasha 
lost [adj]          usona 
loud [adj]          srija 
love [n]            isdari
love [v]            isde 
lovely [adj]        isdaja 
low [adj]           uriona 
luck [n]            osi 
luck (bad) [n]      shiven 
luck (good) [n]     osi
lucky [adj]         osija 
lull [v]            ahome 

M

mad (angry) [adj]   buksa 
mad (insane) [adj]  susa 
magic [n]           roos 
mainland [n]        hikegi
major [adj]         sako
make [v]            kerde 
man [n]             onawi
manor [n]           fen
many [adj]          sruha
march [v]           arute
market [n]          silot 
marriage [n]        rinek 
marry [v]           rine
mast [n]            raps
master [n]          toruja 
may [aux]           srabe
me [pn]             keto (obj) 
meadow [n]          unizin
meal [n]            bult
measure [v]         zihule
meat [n]            hichas
medicine [n]        shoru 
meet [v]            zose
memory [n]          chalin 
merchant [n]        swaja 
metal [adj]         hitosa 
middle [n]          eshun
midnight [n]        ratav 
might [aux]         zosrabe 
mighty [adj]        ruka 
milk [n]            tud 
mill [n]            tidik 
mine [pn]           keta (gen)
mirror [n]          atobin
mist [n]            oin 
mistake [n]         opul 
mix [v]             zege
mock, laugh at [v]  hione 
modern [adj]        shomka
money [n]           aris 
month [n]           uchuba 
moon [n]            uchub 
Moon Mage [n]       Uchubros 
moor [n]            komi
more [adj]          uzoai 
morning [n]         odul
most [adj]          uzohai
mother [n]          mabos
mother to be [n]    oyamabos 
mountain [n]        hiks 
mouse [n]           kadesa
mouth [n]           dunks
move [v]            knawe
much [adj]          knuva 
mud [n]             smik 
mule [n]            azichin
murder [v]          dulane 
music [n]           churja 
must [aux]          firye 
mute, dumb [adj]    yuika
mutter [v]          guye
my [pn]             keta (gen) 
myself [pn]         taketo

N

nail, claw [n]      siam
name [n]            amasin
name [v]            amaje
narrow [adj]        ilosa 
native country [n]  bovira 
nature [n]          knirek
near [adv/prep]     susiz
neat [adj]          lika 
neck [n]            muhen 
necklace [n]        muhenta 
need [v]            yimase
needle [n]          dachi 
neighbor [n]        tolul 
nephew [n]          kuzuja
never [adv]         nizi
new [adj]           yeksa 
next [adj]          goina 
niece [n]           utosfi
night [n]           ladaek 
no [adj]            zu
none, no one [pn]   zuzevo  
noble [adj]         jata 
noble [n]           ewinav 
nobody [pn]         zuzevo 
noon [n]            shesti
noose [n]           yik 
north [n]           sib
northeast [n]       sibechos
northwest [n]       sibekar 
nose [n]            dibik 
not [adv]           nak
nothing [pn]        zunosh
now [adv]           akin
nowhere [adv]       zuwarek 
nude, bare [adj]    chiwa
number [n]          sagalon
nut [n]             shosiwa

O

oak [n]             laen 
oar [n]             hautek 
oat [n]             saros
obey [v]            suvaje
observe [v]         ohurje
ocean [n]           uhek 
of [prep]           vaz 
off [prep]          topoz
offer [n]           chur 
offer [v]           chure 
offering [n]        churasha
often [adv]         yatos
oil [n]             itayis 
ointment [n]        osek 
old [adj]           dula 
omen [n]            tozu
on [prep]           toz 
on behalf of [prep] lavez 
once [adv]          puro 
one [pn]            set 
only [adj]          pipa 
onto [prep]         tohiz
open [v]            pibe
or [c]              vaos 
orange [n]          ronaja 
order [v]           firie 
ore [n]             moen 
orphan [n]          sruhos
other [adj]         vona
otter [n]           uden
ought [aux]         amaro
our, -s [pn]        kerta (gen)
ourselves [pn]      takelto
out [prep]          zoz 
out of [prep]       napoz 
outer [adj]         chaga
outside [n]         sivek
outside [prep/adv]  sivez 
oven [n]            usikos 
over [prep]         chaz
owe [v]             kituje 
own [v]             vobike 
ox [n]              sisas

P

pack [v]            vatave 
pain [n]            akave 
paint [v]           rothe
Paladin [n]         Koduis 
pale [adj]          turba 
pan [n]             komps 
pants [n]           fuma 
part [n]            kotor 
pass [v]            nasye 
path [n]            bahe
pay [v]             utaye
peace [n]           ahi 
peak [n]            srosen 
peasant [n]         irachin
pelt [n]            klake
pen [n]             dikek 
penalty [n]         tanoen
permission [n]      knazid
permit [v]          baro 
person [n]          zevo
personal [adj]      maka 
persuade [v]        vuge
pick [v]            liduse
pike [n]            hohul 
pink [adj]          kuwina
pirate [n]          ubohek 
pitcher, jug [n]    nuja 
pity [n]            olabi
place [n]           nos
plant [n]           homas
pleasant [adj]      buriha
plot, scheme [n]    fahul
plow [n]            kori
point [v]           moche
poison [n]          tlus
poke [v]            idize
polearm [n]         vifas
pond [n]            onwa 
ponder [v]          ove
poor (quality)[adj]  gorda 
poor (wealth) [adj] luksa
possess [v]         vobike
possible [adj]      lera
potion [n]          sroas
pour [v]            rope
powerful [adj]      tasha 
praise [n]          makesha
praise [v]          make
pray [v]            bare 
prayer [n]          baresha 
predict [v]         oveke 
prediction [n]      ovekesha 
prepare [v]         mue 
pretty [adj]        siwa 
price [n]           ivav 
pride [n]           udil 
priest [n]          sahin 
prince [n]          winav 
princess [n]        winavi
principal [adj]     yika 
prisoner [n]        yisks
proceed [v]         kele 
promise [n]         kal 
promise [v]         kale 
promotion [n]       churja 
prophecy [n]        taisha 
prophesy [v]        taiye
prophet [n]         tai
protect [v]         oraje 
proud [adj]         buina
province [n]        sihan
Prydaen [n]         Pridai
public [adj]        chotusa 
punish [v]          ure 
punishment [n]      uresha
purple [adj]        rodawa
purse [n]           kisi
pursue [v]          gaise 
push [v]            darule 
put [v]             kofe

Q

quarrel [n]         uvaja 
queen [n]           uchinavi
quest [n]           nuek
quest [v]           nueke
question [n]        navesha
question [v]        nave 
quick [adj]         knosa 
quickly [adv]       knosan
quiet [adj]         gisowa 

R

race (species) [n]  showa
rain [n]            obahi
raise [v]           atate 
raise fr.dead [v]   odeke 
Rakash [n]          Rakash 
Ranger [n]          Tloha
rank [n]            ifozul
rapid [adj]         nua 
rapids [n]          tilien 
rare [adj]          byuga 
rat [n]             kurako
reach [v]           huene 
read [v]            orute 
ready [adj]         govota 
real [adj]          choga 
realize [v]         sivide 
really [adv]        chugan
recall [v]          osute
receive [v]         nawaze
recent [adj]        asha
red [adj]           lala
refer [v]           shoshe
refund [n]          risul
refund [v]          risule
refuse [v]          anawe
regret [v]          dere
relative, kin [n]   puhins
release [v]         enule 
religion [n]        tuek 
remark [v]          gadaze
remember [v]        fane 
remove [v]          osize
repeat [v]          eyike
repel, ward [v]     heke
reply [v]           anawe
require [v]         irave
resemble [v]        siode
respect [n]         chot 
respect [v]         chote 
retreat [v]         chigwe 
return [v]          losase 
rib [n]             kanav 
rich [adj]          aramosa 
riddle [n]          knudek 
ride [v]            mure 
right [n]           avos 
right (correct)[adj] avosa 
right (dir.) [n]     ihik 
ring [n]            ababo 
rival [n]           kochos
river [n]           lonina 
road [n]            drom
robe [n]            omiren 
roll [v]            alole 
room [n]            rik 
rope [n]            ilari 
rough [adj]         lozka 
round [adj]         alola
row [v]             tuekse
rub [v]             ilame
rude [adj]          sirika
rule, govern [v]    noike
run [v]             yade
rune [n]            nalaiz
runestone [n]       nalazai 
rush [v]            ubule

S

saber, scimitar [n] lork 
sack (a city) [v]   burle
sacred [adj]        stura
sad [adj]           haoma
saddle [n]          itubek
sadly [adv]         haoman 
safe [adj]          sadula
sail [n]            sroya
sail [v]            yuhie
sailor [n]          lon 
salt [n]            muj 
salty [adj]         muja 
sand [n]            srie 
savage [adj]        godusha 
save [v]            abuve 
saw [v]             suvire 
say [v]             daseve 
scale (climb) [v]   atshe 
scare [v]           dofke 
school [n]          knia 
scissors [n]        kniaja
sea [n]             riav 
seagull [n]         mikik 
seahawk [n]         haya 
search [v]          haibe 
season [n]          rom
secret [adj]        kilna 
see [v]             dirke 
seek [v]            haibe 
seem [v]            ape
seldom [adv]        paik
self [refl]         ta  (prefix)
sell [v]            dinhe
seller [n]          dinhin
send [v]            odawe 
serpent [n]         ninion
servant [n]         slovin
serve [v]           slove
settle [v]          sruje
several [adj]       imiza 
sew [v]             rushe
shall [aux]         ushoe
shame [n]           mohas
shame [v]           mohase 
share [v]           shofene
shareholder [n]     shofenin
sharp [adj]         irava
she [pn]            vel (nom)
shell [n]           nivujh 
shield [n]          arumiz
shine [v]           razashe
shining [adj]       razasha 
ship [n]            awan 
shirt [n]           noti 
shoe [n]            klaj 
shoot [v]           ekave 
shop [n]            gropa 
shop [v]            grope 
shore [n]           usibos 
short [adj]         toful 
short sword [n]     shomaz
should [aux]        hauke 
shoulder [n]        chuki 
shout [n]           chavos 
shout [v]           chavose 
show [v]            naske 
shut, close [v]     base 
sibling [n]         edri 
sick [adj]          bawasha 
sickness [n]        bawas
side [n]            lisn 
sigh [v]            eshase 
sight [n]           dirkesha
silence [n]         opos
silent [adj]        oposa
silk [n]            kis
silver [adj]        ayisha
simple [adj]        bugek
sin [n]             dunul
sin [v]             dunule
since [c]           sravik
sing [v]            gilye
single [adj]        mika
sink [v]            shiye
sister [n]          edra 
sit [v]             luke
skin [n]            klak
skin (flay) [v]     klake
S'Kra Mur [n]       Iskamur
skull [n]           iyufin 
sky [n]             humyon
slap [v]            ikeks
sleep [n]           sovesha
sleep [v]           sove 
slight [adj]        busaya 
sling [n]           choms 
slow [adj]          lomisa 
small [adj]         maveka 
smart [adj]         kuchasha 
smash [v]           knore 
smell [v]           wore 
smile [n]           knis 
smile [v]           knise 
smoke [n]           okawi 
smooth [adj]        srel 
smuggler [n]        borin
snake [n]           sekani 
sneeze [n]          pichu 
sneeze [v]          pichuwe 
snow [n]            hav 
so [adv]            luen
so that [c]         luen 
sober [adj]         lososa 
soft [adj]          luya 
soil [n]            lui
soldier [n]         givek
solve [v]           chole
some [adj]          osh
someone [pn]        ozevo
something [pn]      onosh
sometimes [adv]     ochuks
somewhere [adv]     owarek
son [n]             lot 
song [n]            elaja
soon [adv]          dahi 
sorcery [n]         donuid
sorrow [n]          shob
sorrow [v]          shobe
soul [n]            sosi
sound [n]           hist
south [n]           sav
southeast [n]       savechos
southwest [n]       savekar
spare, extra [adj]  noyasha
speak [v]           ifave
spear [n]           zaya 
speech [n]          ifa 
speed [n]           suin 
spell [n]           pomana 
spider [n]          iguji 
spirit [n]          leshya 
spit [v]            lape 
split [v]           furne 
spoil [v]           gashe
spring season [n]   shion 
spy [n]             gokose
square [adj]        masmana 
squirrel [n]        olitai 
stable [n]          stanya 
stand [v]           srilke 
star [n]            suto 
start [v]           veke 
statue [n]          masyat 
stay [v]            rukhe 
steal [v]           chore 
stiff [adj]         tikua 
still, yet [adv]    oginik 
sting [v]           orkse
stone [n]           sishav
stop [v]            luje 
storm [n]           ifiza
story [n]           nison
storyteller [n]     nisonin
straight [adj]      aradiza
strain [v]          knore 
strange [adj]       kopula
stranger [n]        lalerin
strap [n]           tlifik
street [n]          borin
strength [n]        vadra
stretch [v]         voike
strike [v]          nonine
strong [adj]        kama
stronghold [n]      kam
stubborn [adj]      katala
student [n]         kolosin 
study [v]           kolose
stupid [adj]        kaska
sudden [adj]        asaja 
suggest [v]         muake 
summer [n]          chamaja
sun [n]             cham 
sunrise [n]         chamok 
suppose [v]         chuke 
supreme [adj]       litina 
sure [adj]          tala
surprise [n]        izul 
surprise [v]        izule 
surrender [v]       bogone 
swear [v]           ipone 
sweat [n]           shalis 
sweat [v]           shalise 
sweet (taste) [adj] srosha 
sweetheart [n]      obena 
sweets [n]          tums 
swift [adj]         kona 
swim [v]            ivide
sword [n]           puska 

T

tail [n]            slavi
take [v]            salke
tale [n]            paramis
talk [v]            posoe
tall [adj]          onoba
taste [v]           srine
teach [v]           glaiye
teacher [n]         glaiyin
tear (rip) [v]      sabuje
teardrop [n]        hanis 
tease [v]           ochilse 
tell [v]            kestre
temple [n]          chayek
tent [n]            serha
terrible [adj]      syusa
terrify [v]         syuze
terror [n]          syus 
than [c]            mol
thank [v]           geste
thanks [n]          gestena
that [c]            se 
that [dem]          sinoi 
the [art]           (none) 
thee [pn]           epeto (obj) 
theft [n]           koriba 
their, theirs [pn]  vonerta (gen] 
them [pn]           vonerto (obj) 
themselves [pn]     tavonerto 
then [adv]          savam 
there [adv]         naki 
they [pn]           vonert (nom)
Thief [n]           Choro
thigh [n]           lom 
thin [adj]          siha 
thing [n]           inosh 
think [v]           anhe 
this [dem]          sinoi 
thou [pn]           epet (nom)
though [c]          kretes 
thought [n]         anhesha 
threaten [v]        manke 
throat [n]          plal
through [prep]      lez
throw [v]           bobe 
thumb [n]           tapta
thus [adv]          varnas
thy, thine [pn]     epeta (gen)
thyself [pn]        tapeto
tie [v]             apuhe 
till [prep]         varez
time [n]            achuks 
tiny [adj]          bashta
tire [v]            chave
to [prep]           doz
today [n]           foros
toe [n]             gaham
together [adv]      hauge
tomorrow [n]        doforos
tongue [n]          iduja
too [adv]           saul
tool [n]            prastlo
tooth [n]           danja
toss [v]            duishe 
total [adj]         tlilaja 
touch [v]           iluhe
toward [prep]       dohiz 
town [n]            trofos 
trade [v]           smave 
Trader [n]          Smavandre 
tradition [n]       hiroks
train [v]           tloge 
training [n]        tlogesha
trap [n]            siturek 
travel [n]          misol 
travel [v]          misole 
tree [n]            kiris 
true [adj]          taka 
trust [n]           kush 
trust [v]           kushe 
truth [n]           takiben 
try [v]             chisre 
tunnel [n]          obo 
twig [n]            yai 

U

under [prep]        lauz
understand [v]      shale 
unite [v]           jekipe
unless [prep]       nubiz 
until [prep]        varez 
up [prep]           shuz
upon [prep]         itoz
us [pn]             kerto (obj.)

V

valley [n]          oren
vault [n]           ikuch
very [adv]          hon 
victory [n]         ahai
view [v]            koube
village [n]         kachaz
virtue [n]          iresi
visit [v]           ofore 
voice [n]           ahen

W

wagon [n]           shuhek 
wait [v]            lusiye
walk [v]            lite 
wall [n]            vordon
wander [v]          litge
want [v]            bame 
war [n]             fili 
warn [v]            aluje 
warning [n]         aluj 
warrior [n]         filin 
Warrior Mage [n]    Filinos 
wash [v]            laike 
watch [v]           pane
watch out [v]       yoe 
waterfall [n]       atiris 
wave (gesture) [v]  zizuje 
wave (water) [n ]   duvi 
we [pn]             kert (nom)
weak [adj]          hesta 
wealth [n]          aris 
weapon [n]          buaya
weather [n]         vasik
wedding [n]         knoya
week [n]            mrak
weekly [adj]        mraka
weep [v]            yile
weigh [v]           bukase 
weight [n]          bukas
well [adv]          kosks
west [n]            kar
what [rel]          chin
what? [int]         chinush
when [rel]          hin
when? [int]         hinush
whenever [ind]      hino
where [rel]         warek
where? [int]        warekush
wherever [ind]      wareko
whether [c]         za
which, that [rel]   tin
which? [int]        tinush
whichever [ind]     tino 
while [c]           hauri 
white [adj]         sunowa 
who [rel]           kon 
who? [int]          konush 
whoever [ind]       kono 
whole [adj]         loya
whose [rel]         kona 
whose? [int]        konusha 
why [rel]           shin 
why? [int]          shinush 
wife [n]            anishi 
wild [adj]          brava 
wilderness [n]      pretera 
will [aux]          zine 
wind [n]            barban 
wing [n]            dest 
winter season [n]   nason 
wisdom [n]          sortena 
wise [adj]          sorta 
wise man [n]        sortenin 
witch [n]           chovini
with [prep]         srez
within [prep]       haz 
without [prep]      oniz 
wizard [n]          mizak
wolf [n]            vyusher
woman [n]           vitsa 
wood [n]            kast 
woodland [n]        posun
word [n]            lav 
work [v]            prale
world [n]           vison
worry [v]           yusine
worship [v]         shade 
would [aux]         tluke
wound [n]           doksha
wound [v]           doke
write [v]           yute
wrong [adj]         saga

Y

year [n]            noluen 
yellow [adj]        hicha
yes [adv]           hai
yesterday [n]       zuforos 
yet [adv]           iyek 
you [pn]            epert (nom)
you [pn]            eperto (obj)
young [adj]         terna 
your, yours [pn]    eperta (gen)
yourselves [pn]     tapelto 

NUMBERS

Cardinal Numbers

forms marked * are primarily Gnomish in use

0 chev
1 set 12 saj*
2 ber 20 beregin 24 baj*
3 fed 30 fedegin 36 faj*
4 dek 40 dekegin 48 daj*
5 pyet 50 pyetegin 60 pyaj*
6 nem 60 nemegin 72 naj*
7 zel 70 zelegin 84 zaj*
8 ref 80 refegin 96 raj*
9 hep 90 hepegin 108 haj*
10 teg 100 tag 120 taj*
11 sheb* 1000 tagin 132 shaj*
12 vesh* 144 yaj*

Ordinal Numbers

adjectives are formed by adding -a

  • set "one" + a = seta "first"
  • ber "two" + a = bera "second"
  • teg "ten" + a = tega "tenth"

and so on.

Combined Forms

  • ber tag
"two hundred"
  • ber tag bat zel
"two hundred and seven"
  • tagin zel tag dekegin bat ref
"one thousand seven hundred forty-eight"